Monday, May 31, 2021

Illegitimate rules remove parental consent for Covid vaccines.The Rule of Law is being dismantled and our children are the prey

Continuing from the last post:  the US had very high rates of Covid compared to many countries, and right now that seems to have been a good thing... since places like Australia and New Zealand seem to want to be able to impose lockdowns for the forseeable future as they pursue the impossible goal of zero Covid.  Impossible because you are not going to get everyone on the planet to accept a shot, and then vaccinate the wild animals and pets who are also susceptible.  We have basically reached herd immunity with a combination of vaccine and natural immunity.  Since only 40% of the US population is fully vaccinated, according to the NYT, there has undoubtedly been a considerable amount of natural immunity that has accrued.

Why aren't the media celebrating?  Apparently the powers that be who have made so many disastrous decisions regarding pandemic management don't want us to know this, yet.  Thus their huge hurry to vaccinate despite the law, despite the still experimental nature of the vaccine products:

* The colleges demanding vaccinations

* The employers firing the unvaccinated

* The authorization for 12-15 year olds

* The million dollar lotteries for vaccinees, and other excesses to coerce vaccinations

But now the ante has been upped even higher.  While many laws have been disregarded during the pandemic emergency, under the rubric of an emergency, two things I learned today are the worst.

Children aged 12-15 are being invited to vaccine clinics without parental permission, in the cities of San Francisco, Seattle and Philadelphia, based on emergency edicts in local jurisdictions, coupled with a Declaration by Alex Azar in March 2020 broadening the liability waiver umbrella for "covered countermeasures" during a pandemic to virtually anyone who has anything to do with a vaccine program.  This could be interpreted as covering anyone who chooses to mandate the vaccine, even while experimental.  In other words, even though you are not permitted to mandate an experimental product, Alex Azar said he would not allow you to be punished if you did so.

There do exist real laws, which preceded the pandemic, that protect children as a special class from both being used as experimental subjects (which legally under EUA this is) and protect them by requiring parental consent for procedures, unless they are emancipated minors.

Unless these laws were revoked while I blinked, they still exist and, as federal laws supercede those imposed by a lesser jurisdiction, they have primacy.

Let's see what happens.  This is "hot" news and I don't have time to put in the links, but this is true.

Finally, the FDA has announced its vaccine advisory committee will meet on June 10 to advise (aka bless) FDA on data needed for authorization and/or licensure for pediatric Covid vaccines.  Not to put too fine a point on it, it is possible the FDA will authorize Covid vaccines for younger children, or even license them, starting June 11. 

Meanwhile, Israeli media have claimed that one in 3 to 6 thousand vaccinees (I think in the 15-30 age group) develops myocarditis.  The doctor who performed the Israeli study said the rate of myocarditis is "5 to 25 times higher" than the baseline rate. 

It is likely the FDA is trying to forestall any more bad news, which is why it is moving so rapidly.  Furthermore, the FDA has warned us that it may not be able to provide any background documents prior to the June 10 meeting. That means the public and the advisors may be entirely in the dark as the advisors vote to provide their approval for whatever the FDA has up its sleeve.

Meanwhile, the Indian Bar Association has served legal notice for suppression of ivermectin against the WHO Chief Scientist, Soumya Souvinathan, who headed up the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) before transferring to the WHO. She was warned by the ICMR that the HCQ doses were too high in the WHO's Solidarity trial, which was ignored. The Solidarity trial continued until I warned Tedros and Ana Maria Restrepo at WHO that they could be personally liabile for not informating patients of the nontherapeutic dose being administered in the consents they obtained from subjects.  It then turned out WHO did not even require a consent!! and left consent up to the local centers. Three days after my warning WHO ceased the HCQ arm.

The potential legal liability of those persons who carry out illegal acts, such as overdosing patients or vaccinating unconsented children (because they really cannot legally give informed consent even if the local health officer says so after getting a CDC memo) is an important weak link in the house of cards called "pandemic response."  The apparatchiks need to be reminded that following illegal orders was not an acceptable excuse at Nuremberg, and it isn't acceptable today.   

It is well and truly over

Since the start of the declared pandemic, unprecedented things have happened one after the other, at a quicker and quicker pace.   It has made everyone's heads spin.  And as our rights were being curtailed, the US populace has mainly acted like deer in the headlights--stunned and immobile. 

Today's New York Times reveals that the 2 week new case average is now lower than at any time since March 31, 2020.  The one week average on deaths (I don't know why the Times presents the data this way) has not been lower since March 30, 2020.

The pandemic is just about over in the US.  Yes, there will be spluttering and pockets of cases for sometime to come, but they will be sparse.  IT'S OVER!  BUT DO YOU HEAR ANY SHOUTING FROM THE ROOFTOPS?

Here is what the NYT's online front page has to say.  No story, just the numbers, coupled with a warning addressed specifically to those in my county.  But we, like almost everywhere else, are seeing very few new cases. I will continue this story in another post, as the NYT is not letting me format properly after the below snippet.

Thursday, May 27, 2021

Dr. Sin Hang Lee approved to do specialized acute Covid testing to fully sequence virus from every patient. 2 minutes/WTNH Connecticut

Dr. Lee runs the Milford Molecular Diagnostics lab in Milford, Connecticut.  He is an extraordinarily dedicated physician interested in truth and scientific accuracy.  He plans to run 5 or 6 tests on each individual sample to be positive he is obtaining an accurate, proven result.

Not only will his test inform you about variants and mutations in Covid, but it will clearly separate real Covid cases from everything else.  

This is the BEST video on Covid -19 by anyone: Dr. Peter McCullough--MUST WATCH! 1 hr 45 minutes

Plenty of information about treatment.

How a few doctors created a system to treat patients outside of the standard medical system, managing 10,000/day

How the federal agencies worked against the interest of Americans

Please share!!!

Wednesday, May 26, 2021

At least 18 teens and young adults hospitalized in Connecticut with myocarditis after Covid vaccines/ NBC news

Connecticut only has 3.56 million people.  All 18 young people discussed here needed to be hospitalized. How many developed myocarditis and were not sick enough to be hospitalized? This is a condition that may result in permanent cardiac damage, and sometimes death.  CDC last week said "relatively few" vaccine recipients developed this condition.  But if we extrapolate from Connecticut's population to the whole US, there may have been about 1700 young people already hospitalized with this vaccine complication.  (Myocarditis, or inflammation of the heart muscle and sometimes other parts of the heart, is well known after smallpox vaccine and also has occurred after other vaccines)

Symptoms occurred on average about 4 days after vaccination, which is why they could be linked to vaccination.  Symptoms appearing later are likely to be considered coincidental.  

Giving children these experimental vaccines right now makes no sense at all.  Both blood clots and myocarditis seem to be more common in young people than older people.  But the young have so much less risk from Covid, and apparent high risk of serious complications from Covid vaccines, the risk-benefit ratio seems to me to be strongly against vaccination.

Can we please take a good look at the 1005 kids who received the Pfizer vaccine in its age 12-15 clinical trial? What happened to them?  There seems to be one death in VAERS.  Where are the data?

At least 18 teens and young adults in Connecticut have shown symptoms of heart problems after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, acting health commissioner Dr. Deirdre Gifford said Monday.

Gifford said all but one of the young adults hospitalized for signs of heart problems have been released. Four of those young residents were hospitalized at Yale New Haven Health and three at Connecticut Children's.

"All of the cases that were reported to us were hospitalized, the vast majority for a couple of days," Gifford said at the governor's regular Monday COVID-19 news conference. "One individual that we’re aware of is still hospitalized. The other 17 have been sent home and they’re doing fine."

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says it is investigating after a small number of teens and young adults reported having heart problems after being vaccinated for COVID-19.

A CDC safety committee released an advisory last week to alert doctors of “myocarditis” among younger vaccine recipients after a “relatively few” cases of the unusual heart symptom surfaced.

White House press secretary Jen Psaki said Monday during a press briefing that President Joe Biden has been informed of the reported cases and that the administration will continue to advise young people to get vaccinated.

“Our health and medical experts still continue to convey that it is the right step for 12- to 15-year-olds to get vaccinated, that these are limited cases, and that, obviously, the risks of contracting COVID are certainly significant even for people of that age,” Psaki said.

Health officials say the reported cases appear to be mild and typically begin within four days after the second dose of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines.               

The CDC has yet to determine if the vaccines were the cause of the reported heart condition.

“What’s important to know and to recognize is that the rates that we’re seeing of myocarditis are no higher than what we would experience normally,” Dr. Ted O’Connell told NBC San Diego. “So, we don’t know if it’s associated with the vaccine or not.” [How can you tell if a CDC spokesperson is lying?  If their mouth is open.--Nass]

What are symptoms of myocarditis?

In mild cases of myocarditis, common symptoms include chest pain and shortness of breath.

In more serious cases, symptoms can include rapid or abnormal heart rhythms, shortness of breath during rest or physical activity, fatigue, and fluid retention with the swelling of limbs.

Medical experts at Mayo Clinic say myocarditis can be fatal if not treated immediately. Heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and sudden cardiac death can occur in severe cases.

What are signs of myocarditis in children?

When children develop myocarditis, some signs and symptoms can include fever, fainting, difficulty in breathing, rapid breathing, and rapid or abnormal heart rhythms.

Health experts urge both children and adults who may be experiencing any of these symptoms to immediately seek medical attention.

How can myocarditis be treated?

In many cases of myocarditis, the inflamed heart condition can improve on its own.

Mayo Clinic doctors say treatment focuses on the cause of the condition and symptoms, such as heart failure and shortness of breath.

Doctors recommend getting a lot of rest and taking medication to help fight off the infection. Experts say that although antiviral medications are available, they are not proven effective in treatment for most cases of the heart condition.

Tuesday, May 25, 2021

America's Public Health System is Utterly Corrupt/ Paul Craig Roberts

A sure sign of a country’s collapse is the open corruption of its public and private institutions.  When corruption no longer has to be hidden but can be openly flouted, the values and standards that comprised the country’s soul have eroded away.

Try to find an American institution that is not corrupt.  Even when presented with the Covid threat the US public health system could not rise above the greed for profit.  Effective cures, such as HCQ and Ivermectin were demonized and in many states prohibited.  Most Covid deaths are the result of non-treatment.  

Throughout the alleged “Covid Pandemic” regulatory agencies, health bureaucracies, medical associations, state governors, media, and Big Pharma have acted to prevent any alternative to a vaccine.

From day one the emphasis was on the profits from a vaccine.  To get people to submit to an experimental and untested vaccine required the absence of cures. To keep the road open only for a vaccine even supplements such as NAC, which has shown effectiveness as both preventative and treatment of Covid, has been challenged by the FDA in its use as a supplement.  In response,, a major online marketer of dietary supplements removed NAC from its offerings. See this.

The generation of fear was essential to stampeeding people to line up to be vaccinated.  The fear was supplemented by threats of inability to travel, to attend sports events, to resume working at one’s job.  

A Covid test, known as PCR, was intentionally run at high [amplification threshold] cycles known to result in a very high percentage of false positives.  These false positives guaranteed a high infection rate that scared people silly.  Economic incentives were used for hospitals to report all deaths as Covid deaths, thus greatly exaggerating Covid’s mortality.

As you might have noticed, last winter had no reporting of flu cases as flu was added to the Covid statistics.

A number of reports have been published that the Covid vaccine does not prevent some vaccinated people from coming down with Covid.  Other reports say that vaccinated people become spreaders of Covid.  There are also reports of a large number of deaths and injuries from the Covid vaccine. See this.

In order to suppress the facts and keep the Covid vaccine selling, the Center for Disease Control (CDC), which supported running the PCR test at high cycles in order to inflate the number of Covid cases, runs the PCR test at much lower cycles in the case of infected vaccinated people in order to minimize the number of vaccinated people who came down with Covid. 

To further create an artificial picture of the vaccine’s effectiveness, asymptomatic and mild infections are excluded from the reporting of vaccinated people who catch Covid.  Only vaccinated people who catch Covid who have to be hospitalized or die from Covid are counted among the people who caught Covid despite being vaccinated.  However, unvaccinated people with only minor symptoms or false positives from a high cycle PCR test are added to the number of Covid cases. See this.

See this also.

This is obvious and blatant manipulation of statistics in order to scare people about Covid while reassuring them about the vaccine’s effectiveness. Overstating the number of cases among the unvaccinated while simultaneously understating the number of people who caught Covid despite being vaccinated is shameless and protects the contrived picture of the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine.

The falsification of statistics in order to produce massive public fear and the prevention of treatment with known safe and effective cures in order to maximize death rates produced billions of dollars in profits for Big Pharma and associated industries, with Moderna’s CEO topping the list of nine new billionaires made rich from the rollout of Covid vaccines.  These billionaires rode to their riches on the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people who died from an enforced lack of treatment —mandated deaths to protect vaccine profits. See this.

Will anything be done about this extraordinary corruption of the American public health system?

Monday, May 24, 2021

Overcounting Covid hospitalizations: Stanford review finds 45% of 117 pediatric "Covid hospitalizations" were not hospitalized for Covid

Four things we know of probably helped drive up the number of hospitalizations coded as due to Covid-19.

One was the payment of considerably more funds by Medicare for a hospitalization coded with a Covid DRG than for a comparable illness.

Two was an extra federal payment to hospitals that met a certain threshold of Covid cases during a specified time period, as discussed by Scott Jensen, MD and recent member of the Minnesota legislature, who is now running for governor.

Three was a required Covid test for every admitted patient, which has some false positives and presumably also identifies asymptomatic cases.

Four was extra emergency payments to states that could show they had a preponderance of Covid patients.

Physicians at Stanford's quaternary (super specialized and able to care for the very sickest patients) pediatric center examined 117 Covid-coded pediatric hospitalizations that occurred during a 9 month period from May 10, 2020 to February 10, 2021.  They determined that 45% of these children were not admitted because of Covid.  Their paper is short and straightforward.  Worth a quick look.

Saturday, May 22, 2021

Citizen's Petition to the FDA asking it to revoke all Covid vaccine authorizations

The Citizen Petition is quite long, but it is a detailed criticism of the Covid vaccines themselves and the improper processes FDA has used to authorize their use.  It shows that the standards required to issue an EUA were not met, and shows that the standards for licensing these vaccines are unmet. 

A Citizen Petition is a legal document to which the FDA must respond. I am a coauthor, with colleagues who worked with me on the anthrax vaccine mandates, and Children's Health Defense attorneys. We hope many thousands of people will read our petition, to be better informed about how the laws have been ignored, how much information on the vaccines and their side effects has been hidden, and how what we do know is frightening.  We need everyone who cares about this issue to provide a comment to the FDA.

Here is how you can do this.  You must go to the government website and download the Petition before you can read it. Click on the pdf logo where it says "Petition from Scientific Advisory Board..." To enter a comment, there is a blue button on the same page that takes you to the comment site. We have over 11,000 comments entered already, in just 3 days    

I am finding it hard to write about a document that means a lot to me.  It may provide a stepping stone to clarity about Covid, the vaccines, the falsehoods that have been promulgated by federal agencies.  It may save us from the tyranny of forced injections containing what Moderna's Chief Medical Officer Tal Zaks called, "the software of life."

The FDA is obliged to respond to all the points we have made.

Here is a summary written by Children's Health Defense of what the Petition is about:

Children's Health Defense Petition:

Your help is crucial. 
On May 16, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and Meryl Nass, MD, on behalf of Children’s Health Defense (CHD), took a landmark step in the COVID crisis that has irrevocably changed billions of lives around the globe by filing a Citizen Petition with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to withdraw COVID-19 vaccines from the market. 
Your comment now on the FDA petition is vital in preventing further injuries and deaths from these experimental medical products. Let your voice be heard! 
The actions of the FDA affect global health policy. This filing allows all of us—not just those in the United States, but people from around the world—to speak directly to the U.S. government by commenting on the petition. 
Specifically, the petition calls upon the FDA to: 

·         Revoke the Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs) for COVID vaccines 
·         Refrain from licensing COVID vaccines 
·         Disallow the participation of minors in COVID vaccine trials 
·         Immediately revoke all EUAs permitting vaccination of minors 
·         Revoke its tacit approval of pregnant women receiving COVID vaccines 
·         Immediately amend its existing guidance for the use of chloroquine drugs, ivermectin, and any other safe and effective drugs against COVID. 

The FDA petition was imperative as our government health agencies continue to ignore the astonishing numbers of deaths and injuries being reported to the U.S. Health and Human Services (HHS) Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS). Updated each Friday, yesterday’s data release reports 227,805 adverse events and 4201 deaths following vaccination with COVID-19 vaccines from December 14, 2020 through May 14, 2021. Alarmingly, a 2010 HHS study found that less than 1% of adverse events are ever reported to VAERS. Despite this, government agencies at local, state and national levels continue to promote uptake of these vaccines. These agencies are joined by mainstream media, celebrities, and even the White House in calling for people of all ages to just "get the shot" despite the very real risk of injury and death. 

All COVID-19 vaccines currently being administered were rushed through the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) process even as doctors around the world are citing viable treatment options for COVID that are inexpensive and readily available. EUA status is intended for use only when effective treatment options can’t be found. Clearly, this is not the case with COVID. 

We are asking you to comment on the FDA petition now and urge the government not to mandate or license COVID vaccines. Please forward this email to all of your friends and relatives so they can comment too. If some of them are still undecided regarding the safety of COVID vaccines, please share this crucial information with them: 

We need to immediately stop the push for mandates, especially those aimed at children. The experimental COVID vaccines are already being recommended for 12-15-year-olds. It is only a matter of time before they recommend or mandate this vaccine for even younger children—including infants.
Please add your comment to the FDA petition now. 

Below is a Defender article about the Petition. We hope to garner as many comments as possible.  The number (and quality) of comments can make a huge difference in terms of the actions FDA takes.  Please, at least give the document a glance.

Amid growing safety concerns, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and Dr. Meryl Nass, on behalf of Children’s Health Defense (CHD), filed a Citizen Petition with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) asking the agency to immediately revoke the Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs) for COVID vaccines and to refrain from licensing them.

Millions Against Medical Mandates (MAMM), a coalition of health freedom organizations and individuals, joins CHD and other vaccine safety and health freedom groups in inviting the public, including healthcare workers, parents and military members, to submit comments on the petition.

CHD compiled and submitted 72 references supporting the request for revocation and restraint. To read the full petition text, download it from the FDA website or read the full petition here — then submit your comments using this form.

According to the most recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System data, there have been 192,954 reported adverse events following COVID vaccination, including 4,057 deaths between Dec. 14, 2020 and May 7, 2021.

These numbers stand in stark contrast to those reported following the aborted 1976 swine flu vaccine campaign that ended abruptly following approximately 30 reported deaths and 400 cases of Guillain–BarrĂ© syndrome.

Citing the extremely low risk to children from COVID, the petition calls on the FDA to immediately refrain from allowing minors to participate in COVID vaccine trials and to immediately revoke all EUAs permitting vaccination of children under 18.

“It’s time for the FDA to make a dramatic course correction before more deaths and injuries occur,” said Maureen McDonnell, MAMM founder.

The petition also urges the FDA to revoke its tacit approval for pregnant women to receive COVID vaccines.

The law stipulates that to grant EUA status, no other effective intervention may exist. The petition calls upon the FDA to immediately amend its existing guidance for the use of chloroquine drugs, ivermectin and any other safe and effective drugs against COVID.

“It’s time for the FDA to make effective COVID treatments available and to revoke the vaccine EUAs,” said CHD President and General Counsel Mary Holland. “It’s shocking that the FDA has ignored the unprecedented reports of injuries and deaths for five months.”

CHD and MAMM are asking the FDA to take these seven actions:

  1. FDA should revoke all EUAs and refrain from approving any future EUA, NDA [new drug application] or BLA [biologics license application] for any COVID vaccine for all demographic groups because the current risks of serious adverse events or deaths outweigh the benefits, and because existing, approved drugs provide highly effective prophylaxis and treatment against COVID, mooting the EUAs.
  2. Given the extremely low risk of severe COVID illness in children, FDA should immediately refrain from allowing minors to participate in COVID vaccine trials, refrain from amending EUAs to include children, and immediately revoke all EUAs that permit vaccination of children under 16 for the Pfizer vaccine and under 18 for other COVID vaccines.
  3. FDA should immediately revoke tacit approval that pregnant women may receive any EUA or licensed COVID vaccines and immediately issue public guidance to that effect.
  4. FDA should immediately amend its existing guidance for the use of the chloroquine drugsivermectin and any other drugs demonstrated to be safe and effective against COVID, to comport with current scientific evidence of safety and efficacy at currently used doses and immediately issue notifications to all stakeholders of this change.
  5. The FDA should issue guidance to the secretary of the defense and the president not to grant an unprecedented presidential waiver of prior consent regarding COVID vaccines for service members under 10 U.S.C. § 1107(f) or 10 U.S.C. § 1107a.
  6. The FDA should issue guidance to all stakeholders in digital and written formats to affirm that all citizens have the option to accept or refuse administration of investigational COVID vaccines without adverse work, educational or other non-health related consequences, under 21 U.S.C. § 360bbb-3(e)(1)(a)(ii)(III) 1 and the informed consent requirements of the Nuremberg Code.
  7. Pending revocation of COVID vaccine EUAs, FDA should issue guidance that all marketing and promotion of COVID vaccines must refrain from labeling them “safe and effective,” as such statements violate 21 U.S.C. § 360bbb-3.

The petition is available for review and comment. CHD urges parents, healthcare practitioners, military members and others to comment and to share the comment link with friends and colleagues.

Thursday, May 20, 2021

45% of House Republications have NOT received Covid vaccine, according to CNN and the WaPo

AND, three House members were fined $500 each for not complying with a mask mandate, one of whom is a physician, military retiree and former director of the Iowa Department of Public Health.  Happy to see that other knowledgeable doctors are willing to bare their face in public, knowing the masks do little or nothing to protect us.

Wednesday, May 19, 2021

The Johnson and Johnson (Janssen) Covid-19 vaccine is being manufactured by the anthrax vaccine company. This is its history / Meryl Nass

Emergent BioSolutions will be in the spotlight today during a House Select Subcommittee Meeting on the Corona Virus Crisis, today at 10:30 am. It can be watched here.

Hybrid Hearing on “Examining Emergent BioSolutions’ Failure to Protect Public Health and Public Funds”

Below, I provide the backstory aka checkered past of this company.


DOD created a plan to vaccinate its service-members against many biowarfare threat agents in the 1990s.  At the time, of the bioterrorism vaccines that were being considered, only anthrax and smallpox vaccines had licenses.  Anthrax vaccine was chosen to initiate the program in March of 1998.  

The first 2 million doses of anthrax vaccine came from a stockpile that had been made for the US army by Michigan's state vaccine lab (Michigan Biologics Products Institute).  What became known in November 1997, after the FDA performed an inspection, was that most of the army’s 11 million dose stockpile of anthrax vaccine, stored at the Michigan lab, was multiply expired, had been redated, and was contaminated, with visible bacterial and fungal growth in some of the lots.  FDA immediately shut down the anthrax vaccine factory, and quarantined 9 million of the 11 million existing doses. Unfortunately, FDA allowed the Defense Department to use 2 million doses, which it did over the next two years.

The Conclusions from FDA's 1998 and 1999 inspection reports of the facility can be read here.

The Michigan state lab was a massive affair with many buildings on a campus in downtown Lansing.  It produced a large variety of vaccines and blood products for the state of Michigan.  However, over the years the state had not made the required repairs and updates.  After the 1997 FDA inspection, Michigan had to repair the place or close it.  Michigan decided to sell, and looked for a buyer.

The former head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral William Crowe, heard about the sale. He had come to know the el Hibri family when he was Ambassador to the UK.  The el Hibri’s had purchased anthrax vaccine from the UK government laboratory at Porton Down just before the Gulf War, and resold it to the Saudi government at a 100x markup.  

Crowe and the el Hibri family joined with several of the lab’s officials, and the newly formed group purchased the lab.  The purchase price was about 19 million dollars.  Admiral Crowe was given a 13% share in exchange for his role as Chairman of the Board, risking none of his own funds.  Much of the cost was later paid by the transfer of vaccines to the state of Michigan.

The new company, formed in the first half of 1998, was named Bioport.  It chose to focus on its sales of anthrax vaccine to the Army.  However, the new company was deeply concerned about potential liability for the lab’s products.  The purchase was delayed until the Secretary of the Army signed an indemnification for injuries that might result from use of anthrax vaccine in soldiers, and it also indemnified the company against claims if the vaccine failed to provide the expected protection against anthrax.  The state of Michigan had also been indemnified by the Army to produce the vaccine.  But from its 1970 licensure until 1998, almost all the anthrax vaccine had only been used in animal experiments.  

After FDA had shuttered the anthrax vaccine plant for manufacturing defects, the Army paid to bulldoze and then rebuild the factory in 1999.  But even after it was rebuilt, FDA withheld its approval, and the plant lay idle. 

Meantime, the 2 million doses that FDA had failed to quarantine were injected into 500,000 military service-members between 1998 and 2001.  Many thousands became ill.  An official report on the program, quoting unnamed government officials, claimed that 1-2% of recipients had developed permanent disabilities. The military  vaccinations were mandatory, and refusers were punished with a court martial or loss of a month's pay and performance of extra duties.  Nonetheless, seeing the injuries sustained by their colleagues, many refused. 

In 2001, the anthrax vaccine label, a legal document that describes what is known about the product, listed the CDC's definition of Gulf War syndrome as a possible adverse effect of the vaccine.  (It has been removed from the current label.) 

Five Congressional hearings were held throughout 1999 on different aspects of the anthrax vaccine program by the House Committee on Government Reform and National Security (now known as the House Committee on Oversight and Reform). Additional hearings held by other Congressional committees also touched on the vaccine program.  The Government Reform and National Security Committee wrote up its findings in a report titled Unproven Force Protection. Its June 30, 1999 hearing dealt specifically with Bioport and its sole source contracts.

Despite this, Bioport has been very successful.  Although the Pentagon was considering an end to the anthrax vaccine program in the summer of 2001, the sudden appearance of the anthrax letters after the September 11, 2001 attacks breathed new life into the vaccine program and turned Bioport’s fortunes around.  DHHS Secretary Tommy Thompson announced in November 2001 that the anthrax vaccine plant would finally receive an FDA approval and begin production.  At the end of January 2002 that is what happened.  

But that was not the end of Bioport's problems.  Soldiers challenged the legality of the vaccine’s license in federal court.  It was learned that while there had been efficacy testing of an earlier version of the vaccine, the current vaccine formulation had never undergone either efficacy or safety testing in a clinical trial.  Aware of this major omission, FDA had withheld the issuing of a "final rule and order" for the anthrax vaccine for over thirty years.

The soldiers prevailed on the legal issues, and First District Court Judge Emmett Sullivan rescinded the vaccine license in 2004, based on the company's failure to prove efficacy or meet basic FDA standards for licensure.  

Unwilling to bow to judicial authority, the Defense Department rolled out a backup plan.  A new regulatory authority had just been created, the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA).  An EUA was slapped on the unlicensed anthrax vaccine, and DOD quickly restarted its mandatory vaccinations. It was openly acknowledged that there was no emergency:  the issuing of an EUA required either an emergency or the potential for an emergency.

The attorneys for the soldiers took the case back to court, and Judge Sullivan ruled that even if an experimental medical product received an EUA, it was still investigational and could not be mandated.  The law required that EUA products be offered with informed consent.  To receive an EUA product, the recipient must be apprised of the risks and benefits of the product, be informed of alternatives to the product, and no coercion in any form could be applied.  Ergo, no mandate.

FDA waited about 18 months, and then issued a full license for Bioport’s anthrax vaccine, although there were still no efficacy data. FDA instead claimed that a 1950's era trial of a very different anthrax vaccine was sufficient for licensure, even though that trial failed to show benefit against inhalation anthrax. 

When the soldiers and their attorneys challenged the FDA's  licensing decision in court, the next judge ruled in favor of FDA on the basis of “deference”—meaning that FDA could ignore its own regulations when making a determination on safety and efficacy, with or without acceptable data.  In 2006 mandatory vaccination restarted.

Bioport then shed its old skin in an attempt to leave its baggage behind.  It renamed itself Emergent BioSolutions. Its vaccine had been renamed BioThrax.

Emergent BioSolutions (EBS) then branched out, buying other companies, primarily those making other sole source biodefense products. The military continued to mandate anthrax and (in 2003) smallpox vaccines for service-members.  Eventually EBS purchased the smallpox company as well, and the cholera and typhoid vaccines used in the US.

A 2010 report on Emergent BioSolutions, written by Scott Lilly for the Center for American Progress, was titled, "Getting Rich off Uncle Sucker." It revealed 300% profit margins, unique for a government contractor.

The company's business plan was to rely on insiders to sell sole source biodefense products to the US government, most of which were stockpiled and never used--inking contracts with multiple federal agencies, including CDC, DOD, NIAID, the State Department, ASPR and BARDA.   

In 2012 EBS got one of three DHHS contracts to house a so-called Center for Innovation in Advanced Development and Manufacturing (CIADM) that could be used to produce pandemic or biodefense products in the event of emergencies.  With this grant EBS purchased and expanded what became its Bayview factory in Baltimore.  The CIADM contract essentially guaranteed Emergent a big role in any future pandemic response.

Emergent acquired the maker of Narcan nasal spray, the opioid overdose antidote. Soon FDA began recommending to prescribers that they write a Narcan script whenever they wrote a narcotic script, just in case.  States started buying large quantities for free distribution.  Sales rose 600% after EBS bought the company.

Under the Trump administration, retired Air Force Colonel, physician and biodefense consultant Robert Kadlec was appointed to the position of Assistant Secretary of DHHS for Preparedness and Emergency Response (aka ASPR).  Kadlec had also been a consultant and business partner of EBS' founder and chairman Fuad el-Hibri.  Kadlec had omitted this information from the required disclosures for Senate confirmation.  Once confirmed as Assistant Secretary, Kadlec was able to transfer responsibility for the National Strategic Stockpile (containing the US stockpiles of pandemic remedies, masks and equipment) from the CDC to his own agency.  Kadlec then gave multiple sweetheart deals to EBS, until the value of EBS' contracts with ASPR exceeded those of every other contractor.  

ASPR Kadlec was blamed for cancelling a federal contract to make N95 masks while buying more and more anthrax and smallpox vaccines, pre-Covid.

Covid-19 presented a huge opportunity for Emergent BioSolutions.  EBS received $628 million from DHHS to retool its CIADM factory.  It inked additional contracts with the Astra-Zeneca, Johnson and Johnson, Novavax, Providence Therapeutics and VaxArt companies to provide bulk manufacturing of their vaccines in its Baltimore facilities. Altogether its pandemic contracts were worth about $1.5 Billion.  It was slated to manufacture 9 separate medical products to address Covid-19, all designed by other companies. 

But there were serious potential problems.  

While it had a storied Board of former federal officials, Emergent BioSolutions had never brought a single product to market. Its expertise was in contracting and acquisitions, not production.  It had a history of production failures, and had demanded that the federal government bail the company out, or else the sole source products the company provided would become unavailable.  Some of this was detailed in the Congressional report Unproven Force Protection. Entering the pandemic, EBS was still making the same mistakes it had been guilty of twenty years earlier:

EBS did not have an active workforce in Baltimore.  On September 30, EBS held an online job fair which it titled "Warp Speed Careers Event." The event sought to recruit 300 employees.  Yet EBS had begun inking vaccine contracts 5 months earlier, and could have hired and trained a workforce that was ready to go when FDA gave it the go-ahead.  Instead, doing things on the cheap, EBS hired late, failed to provide adequate training to its employees, and experienced a spectacular series of production failures. Many millions of doses of its Johnson and Johnson and its Astra-Zeneca Covid vaccines had to be dumped. J and J missed its 20 million dose quota for the end of March, and FDA, despite repeated inspections, would not give the plant an authorization so its products could be used.

Despite this, somehow millions of doses produced in the unauthorized plant were shipped to Canada, the European Union, South Africa and Mexico.  The EU, at least, used the product. How did that occur?  We don't know. Did any get distributed in the US?  We can't be sure none did.

On April 4, 2021, EBS announced it would receive an additional $23 million from DHHS for new equipment to use in the manufacture of Johnson and Johnson's Covid-19 vaccine. 

As of last week, EBS was facing another lawsuit from its shareholders, and its stock price had fallen to $60 from the peak on February 12 of $125 per share.  However, Emergent CEO Robert Kramer exercised his stock options in January and February, near the stock's peak, earning himself over $7 million dollars in profit.

 In summary, EBS, despite considerable manufacturing shortcomings, has been extremely successful at obtaining government contracts and earning huge profits.  But its products have repeatedly been unreliable.  The company has managed to turn failures into success, especially when its products, like civilian stockpiles of anthrax and smallpox vaccine, and nerve gas auto-injectors, are stockpiled but not used.

The public has only gradually been learning that the vaccines it thought were being produced by huge Pharma companies Astra-Zeneca and Johnson and Johnson were in fact being manufactured by the anthrax vaccine company, Emergent BioSolutions.  How did it come to pass that the federal government, and these established pharmaceutical companies, bet the farm on EBS’ production of Covid-19 vaccines?