Canada's vaccine uses an adjuvant, which consists of squalene (shark liver oil), DL-alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) and polysorbate 80 (an emulsifier also used in ice cream). An adjuvant is a chemical product that boosts the immune response. There were claims that squalene, used in the anthrax vaccine, was to blame for Gulf War syndrome. But the evidence just wasn't there. Claims that mercury in vaccine causes autism have also been debunked.Gulf War Syndrome probably resulted from exposures to a variety of noxious agents. Anthrax vaccine was one of them, and soldiers receiving anthrax vaccine who did not go to the Gulf have developed similar illnesses--but at a significantly lower rate. What role, if any. squalene played in Gulf War Syndrome has not been established one way or the other. Research supporting both sides has been published. But there is ample evidence that injecting squalene does cause illness in animals.
What I can say is that anthrax vaccine, with or without squalene, has made many people chronically ill. Early posts to this blog provide plenty of reading on problems with anthrax vaccine.
As far as mercury and autism, again, the jury is still out. Vaccinations with and without mercury have been followed by a descent into autism for some infants. Research both supporting and rejecting a role for mercury has been published. This is a nice review supporting a link between mercury and autism.